Lexicon

In this section we detail a developing lexicon – or specialist subject library for the topic of perspective. The list is developing / growing rapidly – and soon we shall add in rigorous definitions for each perspective-related word/topic. Watch this space!

Perspective Lexicon

Abaco School

Abstraction, levels of (perspective relations)

Academies

Academies, list of

Arial Perspective

Algebra – types, examples

Allegory

Alphabet

Alters

Analogy

Anamorphosis – types

Anamorphic Views – examples

Anatomy Animals

Annunciation

Antiquity

Architecture

Art – kinds

Astrolabe projection

Astronomy 

Axonometric Drawing 

Axonometric  Projection

Binocular Vision

Body

Buildings, Idealised

Cabinet Making

Cabinet Projection

Camera Lucida

Camera Obscura

Capriccios

Cartography, defined, examples

Caviler Projection

Chairs

Chiaroscuro

Choirs

Cinema

Clark Projection

Classification, perspective theory

Columns

Colour Projection

Compass, Proportional

Compass, Sector

Compass, ???

Computer Generated Imagery, examples

Computer Graphics, types

Concave, V Shaped Plane

Convex, V Shaped Plane

Conic Perspective

Conic Planes

Conic Sections

Cosmography

Constrzione Legittima

Cross

Cubism

Cutaway

Cylindrical Perspective

Cylindrical Planes

Definitions, perspective related concepts – examples

Dialling

Dimetric Projection

Di sotto in su

Distance Point Construction

Drawing (dessin)

Drawing, Geometrical, definitions + expanse 

Drawing, Mechanical, definitions + examples

Drawing, Projective, definitions + examples

Drawing, Technical, definitions + examples

Engineering, perspective types / applications

Eye, The Human, visual perception – definitions 

Eye, Curved Retina

First Angle Projection

Flowers,

Fractals, negation of perspective law

Frames,

Frescoes,

Functions of Art

Furniture

Gardens

Gemma Frisius Projection

Geometrical Play

Geometry, defined, types

Geometry, Algebraic, definitions + examples

Geometry, Analytic, definitions + examples

Geometry, Descriptive, definitions + examples

Geometry, Projective, definitions + examples

Geographical Information Systems (GIS)

Global Positioning System (GPS)

Gnomic Projection

Goals of Art

Holograms

Hypermedia

Iconoclasm

Illusion

Imagination

Inlaid Wood

Intarsia 

Interiors

Inverse Square Size-Distance Law

Isometric Drawing

Isometric Projection

Instruments (Perspective)

Instruments (general)

James Projection

La Hire Projection

Lambert Projection

Landscape

Legitimate construction

Letters

Libraries

Light and shade

Linear Perspective

Literacy

Literalism

Lute

Machines

Map Projection

Maps

Marble

Marquetry

Matching

Mathematics

Mazzocchio

Measurement

Mechanics

Mercator Projection

Metaphor

Methods, two chief

Military

Mimesis

Mirrors

Models

Motion Perspective

Multiview Perspective

Narrative

Nature

Objects, irregular

Oblique Projection

One Point Perspective

Optics – types, definitions + examples

Optical Adjustments

Ordinary Rule

Orthogonal projection

Orthographic Projection

Orthographic Cartographic Projection

Painting and Poetry

Pantograph

Panoramas

Paragone

Parallel Projection

Perspectiva

Perspective, Colour

Perspective, Knowledge

Perspective, Mental

Perspective, Mirror

Perspective, Motion

Perspective, Multi-Layer

Perspective, Multi-View

Perspective, Multi-Scale

Perspective, Transparent

Perspective, axonometric

Graphical Projection

Parallel Perspective

Orthographic Primary

Orthographic / Orthagonal Auxiliary

Oblique

Central Perspective

Curvilinear Perspective

1-point

2-point

3-point

Perspective, Proto

Inverse / Reverse Perspective

Axial / Fish-Bone Perspetive

Perspective, Absence

Aspective

Perspective, not categorised

Spherical Perspective

Cylindrical Perspective

Perspective, technological applications

Perspective, Instruments

Perspective, application to scientific theory

Perspective, application to practical disciplines

Perspective, Goals: They are first viewing reality: observing spatial form; second, matching reality: surveying or modelling spatial form; and finally making representations of reality: copying / constructing images of spatial forms. 

Perspective, Methods: Perspective, in general, works to enable viewing, prescribing, matching, modelling, exploring, representing, and making images, of the physical world.

Perspective, Technical 

Perspective, Categories

Perspective, Visual or Natural

Perspective, Mathematical

Perspective, Graphical

Perspective, Instrument

Perspective, Forced (false, trick)

Perspective, Media

Perspective, Visual

Perspective, Mathematical, types

Linear, Axial, Axonometric,

Parallel, Aspective, 

Reverse, Inverse, Orthagonal

Cylindrical, Fish-Bone, Isometric,

Oblique, Spherical, Curvilinear,

Mixed / Combinational

Other Mathematical

Perspective, Graphical, types

Art / Drawing (by hand)
Manual copying reality (real + distorted images) 

Automated copying reality (optical / computer methods) 

Mechanical, technical, engineering drawing 

Zoom / Multiple Scales / Variable Field / Variable Focus Multiple Viewpoint(s) / 

Multiple Dimension(s) Chronology / Mapping / Multiple Dimensions
View Tip/Tilt/Turn / 3D Vision
Sphere of Vision / Warped and Merged Perspective(s) 

Perspective, Forced, types

Adjusted Appearance

False Reality

Constructed Appearance

Secondary Visual 

Projected Appearance

Perspective, kinds

Aspective

Axial

Curvilinear

Inverted

Linear

Parallel

Perspective, Vanishing Points

One, Two, Three, Six

Multi-point

Perspective, image capture  instruments

Lens, Mirror

Pin Hole Camera

Stereo Camera

Camera (Film, CCD)

Movie Camera (Film, CCD)

Television Camera (various kinds)

Telescope (refracting)

Telescope (reflecting)

Camera / Telescope (catadioptric)

Satellite Telescopes (Astronomical)

Satellite Telescopes (Earth observing)

Perspective, viewing instruments (direct)

Lens, Mirror, Window

Camera Obscura

Camera Lucidia

Spectacles

Binoculars

Microscope (optical)

Microscope (electron)

Telescope (optical)

Telescope (radio)

Display Instruments

Image Projection

Zoetrope, Kinetoscope Film Projector (moving / still) 

Digital Projector (moving / still) Panoramas / Television
3D Techniques (movies etc) Computer (+ display) 

Image Expansion

Wide Field (Cinerama) 

IMAX / OMNIMAX 

Exploration

Flight Simulator 

VR Headset Computer (+ display) 

Illusion Instruments

Observation

Optical Illusions

Stereoscope

Projection Mapping

Generation

VR / AR / XR

Hologram

Fun

Ames Room

Kaleidoscope

Catadioptric Cistula

Perspective Instruments

Copying

Pantograph

Camera Lucidia

Perspective Window

Perspective Box

Measuring / Drawing  Position-finding

Ruler, Calliper, Set-Square, Protractor Gauge,

  Dial, Tubular (Thermometer) Yard-Stick, Plumb-line
2D & Polyhedral Template(s) Sextant, 

Camera Lucidia Theodolite / Quadrant, 

Sundial Building (Pyramid, Stone Henge), 

Gnomon, Shadows, Time (clocks) 

Compass (trigonometry) 

Compass (reduction)

Compass (proportional – sector) 

General Instruments

Scale/Proportion Instruments

Modelling

Astrolabe

Armillary

Orary

Planisphere

Calculating

Slide Rule

Nautical Slide Rule

Flight Computer

Projection

Camera Obscura

Planetarium

Mapping

Plan, Star Map, Star Chart

Star Globe, Geo-Globe, 

Map (Globe 3D). Chart (2D)

Perspectivism

Perfection

Photography, types / methods

Physics

Planisphere Projection

Pointillism

Polygons, examples

Polyhedra, examples

Professions

Proportion

Proportion, Human

Quadratura

Quadrature

Reality, definitions + examples

Reality (Illusion), definitions + examples

Relief Perspective

Religion

Representation

Reversibility

Rojas Projection

Ruins

Scale

Scenography

Sciographia

Sculpture

Sector

Simile

Shades and Shadows

Shadows

Space, types + defined

Space Imagery, examples

Spherical Projection

Spherical Projection Planes

Star Chart

Station Point

Stairs

Stereography

Stonecutting

Sundials

Surveying

Telescope

Television

Textbooks

Theatre

Theoreticians, 15th Century

Third-Angle Projection

Three-Point Perspective

Time

Town Views

Transformations, types 

Transparent Box

Trimetric Projection

Trompe l’oeil

Two-Point Perspective

Universal ??

Vanishing Point

View d’optique

Viewpoint

Viewing Angle

Virtual Reality, types, defined

VR

AR

XR

Visual Geometry – definitions

Visual Perception – definitions

Vision, Human

Vision, Animal

Window Principle